A neurologist is a physician who specialises in treating neurological disorders. The nervous system is made up of the peripheral and central nervous systems. It contains both the spinal cord and brain.
Neurologists frequently need to manage and treat conditions that affect the neurological system, including illnesses, traumas, and diseases.
What neurological problems are treated by the Best Neurologist in Jammu?
Those with neurological diseases or issues with the nervous system are managed and treated by neurologists. Common signs that necessitate seeing a neurologist are:
A shift in sensation.
A neurologist may also be necessary for people who are experiencing issues with their senses, such as touch, vision, or smell. Nervous system diseases might occasionally be the root of sensory problems.
In addition, neurologists see patients with:
Seizure conditions which include epilepsy and stroke.
Multiple sclerosis infections of the neurological system, such as encephalitis, meningitis, or brain abscesses neuromuscular diseases, such as myasthenia gravis.
Neurodegenerative diseases include, for example, Lou Gehrig’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease.
Diseases that affect the spinal cord, such as autoimmune and inflammatory disorders.
Headaches, including migraine and cluster headaches.
Sub-specialties of neurologists
A neurologist might specialise in one area because the neurological system is complex. They will finish a fellowship in that field once they have finished their residency training. To concentrate a doctor’s attention, sub specialties have emerged.
Numerous sub-specialties exist. Several instances include:
Vascular (stroke care).
Neurological treatment for children’s neuroradiology.
Conventional neurological procedures
During your initial appointment with a neurologist, a physical examination and a neurological examination will likely be performed. A neurological assessment of your coordination, reflexes, and muscle strength will be performed.
Your neurologist may require more testing in order to obtain a diagnosis because various illnesses can share symptoms.
Neurologists may recommend a variety of methods to help with a problem’s diagnosis or therapy. These behaviors might include:
A neurologist could use a lumbar puncture to check the spinal fluid in your body. If they think your symptoms are brought on by a neurological issue that can be identified in your spinal fluid, they might advise the procedure.
After the spine has been numbed, a needle must be inserted to collect a spinal fluid sample.
Using this technique, your neurologist can identify myasthenia gravis. During this test, Tensilon is injected into you by your doctor. They then observe how it affects the movements of your muscles.
The electrical activity between your brain or spinal cord and a peripheral nerve is measured by electromyography (EMG). Your arms and legs have this nerve which controls your muscles both when you’re moving and when you’re not.
Your neurologist can use EMGs to identify general muscle or nerve abnormalities as well as diseases of the spinal cord.
In order to monitor activity throughout periods of movement and rest, your neurologist-technician will place tiny electrodes into your muscles during this test. A machine connected to the electrodes by several wires to capture this activity may be quite painful.
An EMG is frequently combined with a nerve conduction velocity (NCV) study by a neurologist. An NCV evaluates how well your nerves can transmit the signals required to regulate these muscles, whereas an EMG examines muscle activity. You will most likely perform the EMG first if your neurologist advises on both tests.
Consult a specialist for neurological issues
Neurologists are medical professionals who specialise in detecting and treating nervous system disorders. You should see a neurologist if you’re having problems with your nervous system or brain.